POST BONE MARROW BIOPSY INSTRUCTIONS
ABOUT YOUR BONE MARROW ASPIRATION AND BIOPSY
A bone marrow aspiration and biopsy is the removal of bone marrow to determine a diagnosis and follow the response of treatment. The bone marrow produces red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. The marrow aspirate is the removal of a portion of the liquid part of the bone marrow. A bone marrow biopsy is the removal of a small piece of bone. The hip bone is the most commonly used. Occasionally, the breast bone is used to withdraw the bone marrow.
BEFORE THE ASPIRATION AND BIOPSY
You will be asked to lie on your stomach or side if the hip bone is used, or on your back if the breast bone is used. The nurse will clean the area with an antiseptic solution. The doctor will give you a numbing agent in the area to be used.
DURING THE ASPIRATION AND BIOPSY
After the numbing agent has take effect, a special needle is inserted and cells from the bone marrow will be aspirated. You may feel pressure as the needle is inserted into the bone and a pulling sensation as the bone marrow is withdrawn. When a biopsy is ordered, it is done immediately following the aspiration. The biopsy consists of taking a small “bone chip” from the bone marrow. This procedure usually takes 20-30 minutes.
AFTER THE ASPIRATION AND BIOPSY
A pressure bandage will be applied to the area. For added pressure, you should sit or lie flat on a hard surface for 2 hours. Walking may relieve the discomfort you may experience after the procedure.
The pressure bandage should be removed 24 hours after the procedure. A bandaid should be reapplied till completely healed. No tub bath for 48 hours after a bone marrow aspirate or biopsy. You may shower 24 hours after the procedure.
NOTIFY YOUR DOCTOR IF
You see any signs of infection such as redness, swelling, drainage or you have fever over 100.5. If bleeding occurs, apply pressure and notify your doctor.
*** If you have any problems, contact Dr. Soni at 372-1046 during office hours
*** After office hours, call 559-1105 or your primary physician or the emergency room at Olean General Hospital (716 375 6275)